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HomeHealthHow to quickly recognize thrombosis?

How to quickly recognize thrombosis?

Timely recognition of thrombosis is very important, because in some cases it can be life-threatening. Risk of the appearance of blood clots are also present in covid, so blood thinners (anticoagulants) are part of the treatment. However, it is good for everyone to be aware of the main possible symptoms.

In thrombosis, blood clots (thrombi) form in various places in the body. The most common forms of thrombosis are in the legs or in the pelvic area.

  • When a blood clot is formed, there is usually severe pain on the inside of the foot, calf or leg. When you raise it up, the pain subsides a bit.
  • The pain is felt such as muscle fever, severe leg tension or as after overexertion.
  • In the affected area swelling may occur.
  • Calf pain may occur when bending the leg or when pressing on the place.
  • Veins may bulge, so that they are clearly visible.
  • You feel your leg as very warm.

With thrombosis in the arm, the signs are usually easier to notice than in the legs. Symptoms vary from person to person. The complaints described so far do not always appear together, or at least not all at the same time.

What does the appearance of a blood clot (thrombus) mean for the body

Blood clots can partially or completely block a blood vessel. Most often, thrombi occur in the veins that connect to the heart. These are mainly the veins of the pelvis and legs.

Pulmonary embolism is one of the most dangerous consequences of thrombosis. This happens when a blood clot breaks off and travels into the veins, through the heart, all the way to the lungs.

In certain cases, the blood clot can also become infected with bacteria, which then spreads in the blood. This can lead to blood poisoning (sepsis).

Inflammation of the skin, ulcers or water retention in the tissues can be the result of thrombosis. That is why it is very important to seek medical help at the first symptoms. The specialist will quickly identify the blood clot and administer treatment to dissolve it so blood flow can return to normal. This can be done with medication or surgically. 

Varicose veins can also cause thrombosis. 

Author Ina Dimitrova

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